How to Safely Remove Paint Transfer From a Vehicle Without Scratching

How To Properly Remove Paint Transfers From Your Automobile

It’s been staring you in the face now for weeks. Taunting you every time you walk past your car. Those unsightly red marks on your nice white bumper that just showed up one day when you went to the grocery store. No matter how hard you scrub when you wash your car they never seem to go away! Those red marks are referred to as paint transfers and by following these steps you can finally say, “Good Bye!”, to those unsightly blemishes.

Things You Will Need:

  1. Water Hose
  2. Water Hose Nozzle
  3. 5 Gallon Bucket
  4. Automotive Washing Soap
  5. Automotive Washing Brush
  6. Water Blade
  7. Drying Towels
  8. Automotive Clay Bar
  9. Automotive Clay Bar Lubricant
  10. Automotive Cutting Compound
  11. Automotive Cutting Compound Pads
  12. Automotive Detailing Polish
  13. Polish Pads
  14. Automotive Wax (A High Grade Acrylic Sealer Wax is Recommended)
  15. Automotive Wax Pads
  16. Microfiber Towels

STEP #1: Place enough automotive car wash soap to cover the bottom of your 5 gallon bucket and fill with water using your water hose and water hose nozzle.

STEP #2: Rinse your entire vehicle using the high pressure position on your water nozzle to rinse free any loose dirt from your vehicle.

STEP #3: Using your automotive wash brush and soap to clean your entire vehicle.

STEP #4: Rinse the vehicle clean of automotive soap.

STEP #5: Using your water blade, make long continuous strokes from top to bottom to remove water from the vehicle.

STEP #6: After the majority of the water from your vehicle has been removed with your water blade, use your drying towel to completely dry the exterior of your vehicle, paying close attention to seems and joints where water collects. NOTE: not completely drying your vehicle to hinder the following processes.

STEP #7: After your vehicle has been completely dried, spray the Automotive Clay Bar lubricant generously over the paint transfer area. Immediately after apply the lubricant gently take the automotive detailing clay and gently, using a back and forth motion paying close attention not to apply any undue pressure, rub the clay onto the paint. The automotive detailing clay removes any foreign particles that may have bonded to your paint. These particles can cause scratches and swirl marks during the compounding, polishing and waxing process if not removed. After you have completed the clay bar process use your microfiber to wipe the excess lubricant from the area.

STEP #8: Apply a small amount of automotive cutting compound to your compound pad and place onto the paint transfer area. Gently cover the entire paint transfer area with the cutting compound. After you have covered the paint transfer with cutting compound begin to make quick, circular motion with the cutting pad applying a generous amount of pressure. After the cutting compound has become semi translucent, buff off with your microfiber towel. NOTE: This process may need to be repeated if the paint transfer is still present.

STEP #9: Once the paint transfer has been removed apply a small amount of automotive detailing polish to your polish pad and with tight, circular motions apply to the compounded area until you can longer see the polish. Once you can longer see the polish buff the area with your microfiber towel.

STEP #10: After the automotive detail polish has been buffed clean, apply your wax to your wax pad and in tight, circular motions apply wax to the compounded and polished area. Once the wax has been applied and has turned to a white haze, buff the area with your microfiber pad until all the excess wax has been buffed clear.

NOTE: Generally during a professional detail the entire vehicle will have the automotive detail clay process applied to the vehicle as well as the waxing process.

Car Insurance Costs Driven Down By Technology

Surprising for many is the fact that sometimes car insurance rates can actually go down. In fact, there are lots of exciting things happening that pose to save drivers lots of money. New technology that is already in the marketplace is saving money and lives already. Below are 3 new technologies that will keep more people safe on the road and reduce the cost of car insurance.

1. Electronic stability control (ESC). ESC systems use computer-controlled braking systems that help the driver maintain control of a vehicle that is beginning to lose control. In 2007, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration began requiring all manufacturers to install ESC in all passenger cars, SUVs, vans, and pickup trucks. According to a study done by NHTSA, more than 2,200 lives were saved from 2008-2010 due to the installation of ESC. When more people are safe on the road, car insurance premiums tend to decrease.

2. Driver-less car technology. Google is leading the charge in developing cars that drive themselves. In fact, the Nevada DMV issued the first license for a self-driven vehicle in May 2012. While many do not want their car to drive them to work, the technology being developed will do amazing things to keep accidents to a minimum. Basically the car will know before you do that you are about to hit something and will react for you. Less accidents means less of a car insurance premium.

3. Attention control system. Driver fatigue causes thousands of crashes every year. Volkswagen has a new technology to combat this. A camera in the car monitors your blinking and if it detects a shortage of blinks, it assumes the driver is asleep. An alarm will sound that will alert the driver that is time to either pull over or switch drivers. Again, more safety means less accidents, which results in car insurance that is more affordable.

I would love to see a technology that would not allow a drunk driver to even start the car. That would also save thousands of lives. I’m sure this technology would be easy to develop if it hasn’t been developed already. Technology is improving every aspect of our lives. It’s even saving the lives of thousands. As better safety technology is developed, less accidents will occur on the road.

The safer everyone is on the road, the less we will have to shell out for car insurance. Car insurance companies will no longer have to spend millions of dollars on claims and we’ll all benefit!

Want a Sweet Deal? Favorite Websites For Fashion Bargains

A lot of people ask me where I get the clothes I’m wearing and they’re always surprised when I say where I got them and how much the item cost. Typical reactions include disbelief and jealousy, especially when I’ve spent less than $20 on a pair of shoes identical to an $80 pair someone else owns.

when I say where I got them and how much the item cost. Typical reactions include disbelief and jealousy, especially when I’ve spent less than $20 on a pair of shoes identical to an $80 pair someone else owns.

How do you find your own sweet deals and which online shopping destinations will give you the most bang for your buck?

Here are a few of my favorite sites:

Forever 21 has incredible selection and style and the prices are outrageous, especially if you do a bit of digging. I’ve unearthed fabulous dresses for less than $20 and great costume jewelry pieces for around $5. The shipping from the site is painless and quick and they have easy return policies should something not fit.

Here are my tips for shopping online at Forever 21:

Visit the store before you shop the website so you know what fits you and what you’re looking for. Often, the actual clothing looks different in person than it does on their website, especially in the dress length area. Some “dresses” Forever 21 sells are more tunic-lengthed, meaning you’d have to wear them as shirts or with leggings in order to make them street-appropriate.

Don’t expect pristine quality. Forever 21 keeps their prices low by mass-producing huge quantities of clothing that aren’t meticulously made. Don’t expect your clothing to hold up for years-or sometimes weeks-on end.

Beware of dresses or shirts you need to zip. Forever 21 has fairly cheap zippers that often break.

If in doubt, go up a size. Their clothing runs tiny-truly tiny. If you have a wide rib-cage, like I do, you may need to go up two sizes if something is really fitted around that area.

Urban Outfitters is a true fashionista’s paradise. Chock full of interesting bohemian pieces, you can find some great clothing for less than $50. Often Urban also carries more expensive lines (upwards of $200), so make sure you don’t fall in love with something before checking the price.

Some things to buy from Urban:

Accessories are always a great bet. They have tons of belts, handbags, scarves, etc. Their shoe selection is also enviable. Check out their flats and sandals, especially now. They have lots of cute new things.

When cold weather is once again upon us, Urban carries a wide-range of outerwear which is all pretty affordable and cute, without being cutesy.

Urban always carries Converse All-Star sneakers in hard-to-find colors and patterns. Check the men’s shoe section for more.

Cutesygirl.com has shoes for unbelievable prices. Truly unbelievable. I tell people I got boots or heels for $12 and they don’t believe me until I show them the webpage.

The thing about Cutesygirl.com is that they mix some really awful, ugly shoes in with adorable and stylish ones. You’re going to have to be willing to put in some search time.

The quality is fairly good, about what you’d expect from Target or Payless shoes. Not great, but they’ll do. Some of the brands (like Steve Madden) that Cutesygirl.com has are obviously better quality than others. Just be choosy and you’ll be okay.

Watch for these styles from Cutesygirl.com:

Flats or pumps are always a good pick. Search by “Price- Low to High” to find the best deals. If you see something you like and they have your size, snatch it up quick. The cheaper shoes go fast, and they often run out of the most popular sizes quickly, leaving only 6’s to be had.

There are some great boot offerings from Cutesygirl.com, but once again, search carefully. Avoid stiletto, pointy-toed boots at all cost. You can get those almost anywhere now, but they really aren’t tremendously popular anyway. Don’t fall into the trap of buying something just because it’s cheap: there are lots of inexpensive shoes on Cutesygirl, but don’t sacrifice style just because something is $10.

Telemarketing Principals of Commercial Real Estate Today

The process of telemarketing does not work well in commercial real estate if you follow the typical model of ‘pitch and process’. The people that you call do not like to be subjected to a 1 minute sales pitch and questioning process over the telephone. You have to change the rules and develop some real systems to make cold calling or telemarketing much more effective for you. In one word you have to ‘connect’.

Firstly, and before I go further into this subject I would like to say that all commercial salespeople and agents should be making their own prospecting calls wherever possible. They are the best people to connect with their market because they understand what to say in a relevant way when hard questions are created through the telephone conversation.

When it comes to commercial property sales and leasing, there are really only two targets out of making cold call connections and telemarketing. They are:

1. You want to know if the person you are calling has a need or interest in commercial property sales or leasing or property management.

2. You should seek to create a face to face meeting where the person you call qualifies from the previous point, so that you can take matters further.

When you look at these two factors simply, you can see that you should not be meeting with people who have no genuine interest. Your prospecting calls should therefore be based around a conversation or connection and not a sales pitch or presentation.

The only thing that you are selling in the call contact process is an appointment, and you only do that when you know that the person really does have a need. Protect your time and only meet with the right people that qualify as ‘active’ or ‘interested’ in commercial property.

So the telemarketing or cold call process centres on questions and conversation. Through the conversation you can come to understand if the prospect really does fall within your criteria for a prospective client or prospect. On that basis you can then arrange a meeting as appropriate.

Here are some rules that should be merged into your prospecting scripts:

  1. The people that you talk to want to be involved in the conversation. On that basis you need to ask sensible and realistic questions related to the property industry. Be sensitive to the fact that the person you call will not open up completely with you until you have established a degree of trust in the conversation. It is important that they feel relaxed and not threatened by a pushy salesperson. Professional salespeople create good connections over the telephone.
  2. Approach the first cold call or prospect call on the basis of a simple survey questioning process. The call should be about them and not about you. This is where the right questions will help you establish rapport. The reason for your call is to identify their potential property needs. Do not push for a meeting until you understand that they have a genuine need or an interest.
  3. Be prepared to introduce yourself and your business. Be honest through the conversation but allow the prospect to talk at least 50% of the time. It is of great benefit to have a simple script to get the conversation going. Beyond that starting point, Uncategorized conversation should flow and the script should be irrelevant. Your target is to get conversation moving inside of 20 seconds. A good conversation leads to information and potentially a productive meeting.
  4. If the person is unwilling to talk to you or be open and frank in the discussions, then thank them for the ability to speak with them today and then move on respectfully and politely. There are plenty of people to talk to and on that basis you need to move to the next person or the next opportunity.

There is a real skill to the prospecting and calling process. If you diligently adopt the discipline behind the task, you will find that progress will be made within about two or three weeks of making calls.

Windows 7 Optimizer – Do You Really Need a Registry Optimizer For Windows 7?

A Windows 7 optimizer is not a luxury that you can avoid. Its a necessity given the vulnerability and the complexity involved in programming codes behind the operating system of this age. Why do you need a registry optimizer to clean your Windows 7? This question is propping up in minds of the rising users of the system ‘7’. There are some people who chose not to use a cleaner tool to fix their registry errors. The same is true for this version of the operating system. However, these people do realize at some later stage that their approach was not mindful

Not much time has passed since the launch of Windows 7 but people are starting to experience some errors such as reboot and restart problems, screen out issues and the windows slow speed performance while booting.

Although people do use antivirus and antispyware tools to protect their systems but they do forget one important thing which is the Windows 7 optimizer and cleaner utility. What happens is that people keep various infections away from their system but they don’t have idea that the spyware effect is left in the Windows 7 registry database. Similarly people do clean their systems from viruses and spywares but they don’t pay serious attention to clean the Windows 7 registry which results in the heavily messed up and corrupted registry entries getting accumulated in the registry database.

It is a proven fact that so much trash in the computer is the biggest cause of computer crashes and the decreased system speed. It is important, therefore, to clean registry as well. This can be done through a suitable registry optimizer and cleaner tool which can enhance computer speed function.

Thus using an Windows 7 optimizer is complimentary to other computer protection softwares. If you have already been using the security tools it is wise to add to your list the optimizer software. This will make a very good combination of software to protect your computer from all threats including the registry errors.

This approach has helped so many users to use their computers for long term without any PC crashes and hand problems.

The Easiest Way to Write, Publish And Be Selling Your First Kindle eBook in 30 Days or Less

Who else would love to write their first eBook this month? Are you a coach, consultant, teacher or trainer who would love to see your first book published, downloaded and discussed around the globe?

The truth is, most online entrepreneurs crave the attention, the affection and the publicity that publishing a book will bring, but don’t have the stamina and persistence to get to the finish line.

After all… writers block is probably the biggest enemy for “REAL” writers who want to self publish, how much harder is it for online entrepreneurs and marketers who want to publish purely for publicity purposes, right?

I’m going to give you a really simple “secret” strategy that will help you overcome this obstacle, and if you follow my directions, you’ll have your first book ready to be uploaded within 30 days. (works in just about any niche you have PASSION or genuine authority or expertise)

The secret is simple.

Codify and collate questions from your community, into content.

For example, the Tumblr platform has baked this into their platform incredibly well, and as a result, some of the most popular Tumblr’s are now very books to boot.

How so?

The “Ask Me Anything” and “Submit” feature allows other readers from around the web to submit questions, thoughts, opinions or stories… and due to the viral nature of social media, and built in beauty of blogging around a topic that people share passion and a sense of purpose… you can get an AVALANCHE of submissions in YOUR niche, very quickly.

Next –

You simply take the best questions, content and submissions, and codify it into a structure that works as a book. It really IS that easy, and if you have a popular blog or Tumblr now with lots of existing readers, you can literally do this in a weekend. (especially if you are in an emotive niche where people like to share)

A great example of this?

There are a bunch, but one of my favorites is the “Clients from Hell” blog. Not only have they created a world famous blog around a pretty common shared experience by service professionals (difficult clients) they’ve turned the blog into a brand, a business and a blooming bank account to boot! (with a whole store set up around T-shirts, Mugs, and other branded goods that creative professionals buy by the busload)

Their book… and blog is ALL user generated content. Anonymous people submitting their horror stories working with clients, or short blurbs about difficult customers. It’s very entertaining, a lot of fun, and one of the most popular books (and brands) in the industry.

I’ve seen this done by psychics, mediums, personal development coaches, online entrepreneurs, designers, credit repair counselors, spiritual teachers and just about every other type of “publisher” you can imagine.

The good news? you can do the very same thing with WordPress, or any other blog platform that accepts submissions, and the truth is… you can do the same thing with Twitter, Facebook, and social media that allows you to accept content from your community.

It’s creative – and cool, and pretty darn easy to establish yourself as a bonafide writer, publisher, expert and authority site in just about any niche you choose… including the one that MAY make you rich!

Different Types of Car Wax

Having a car has been one of the essential means of transport from one place to another. The car will always come in handy and for most people the car is an extension of their personality and what better way to make your car match your personality than when cleaning it. When it comes to cleaning it depends with the frequency you use your car that will determine the number of times the car will be washed meaning that if the car is used on a daily basis and it goes to places that are dusty and muddy then every evening might be just the perfect time to be washing your car.

It is easier to use your own resources at home to wash the car instead of taking the car to a car wash where apart from the costs incurred to wash the car also in some cases the cleaning might not be up to your standard hence you will be forced to redo the work again. The best advice is washing the car at home which is cheaper and easier and also you can tell where the dirt is and can always do the work as many times as possible.

Once the cleaning is done then you will be required to wax the car. When it comes to waxing one of the reason your car will deserve this utmost care is because of the paint on the car. Every single day that you are using the car you will be exposing it to numerous version and types of weather from rain, snow to sun with each competing to destroy the paint done on it. All this at the end of the day will either change the painting or even in extreme cases the paint will start peeling off. This implies the wax is an important aspect for cleaning the car, and you will be assured of that polished finish on the car once the car has been waxed.

When it comes to waxing the car and the car wax, there are various types of the wax that you need to consider, for example we have the Uncategorized wax that is got from Uncategorized products be it honey or even plants. One of the characteristics of the Uncategorized wax is that it is expensive since they are the best in the market and provide long durability time for the car paint and therefore it will be money’s worth when bought. Another wax type is the synthetic wax which is manufactured without the Uncategorized products, this means that it is on a large scale market and hence cheaper than the Uncategorized one although in terms of durability it is not as comparable as Uncategorized one.

Do Addicts Really Recover?

In my line of work as addiction professional, I’m often asked “Do people with addiction get better?” The question may sound simple but it’s not really that simple. There are so many facets to addiction. The chemicals are but one aspect. There also are the addict’s personality attributes, attitudes, lifestyle, and values – all contributing and feeding the addiction syndrome. For most people, the obsession by the addict to consume chemicals is the most salient aspect of addiction. This becomes their focus of attention when asking the question, “Do addicts really recover?” Meaning can they give up drugs and become “normal” people again?

After a closer look at addiction, one begins to realize that the chemical abuse is intimately tied to the person’s mental health, lifestyle, and personal values. For example, it is hard to ignore an addict’s criminal activities related to supporting his drug habit or an alcoholic’s scheming and manipulating behavior to hide his alcoholism when the addicted or alcoholic is trying to pursue “recovery.” Can people “recover” from addiction and still carry on with these criminal or anti-social inclinations? What are the chances of a recovering person remaining abstinent while continuing to sell drugs or maintaining his connection with friends who are involved in criminal activities? Can a recovering alcoholic remain sober while bar-tending?

My point is that there is a “quality of life” a recovering addict or alcoholic must maintain to achieve a certain level of healthy living. For some this may mean pursuing counseling or following medication regime to control psychiatric symptoms. For others, a complete lifestyle change may be necessary to re-align personal priorities and internalize pro-social values. With addiction, old associations — people, places, and things – can easily trigger a relapse to old “bad habits.” There is a common belief among recovering persons that “picking-up” drugs or any substances is the last step in the relapse process. Long before the actual substance use, the person has already relapsed in his thinking – reflected in noticeable changes in attitude, values, and over-all behavior.

To go back to the original question: “Do addicts really recover?” The answer is a relative yes. For some who consider their addiction as a disorder of the whole person and take a holistic view of recovery, they aspire more than giving up the chemicals to include a reinvention of themselves, psychologically, socially, and spiritually. Others are content with minimizing the harmful effects of illicit drug use but still resort to alcohol use. Still others give up drugs but continue to have dysfunctional patterns of coping or residual manifestations of personality disorders.

Do Addicts Really Recover?
Dr. Fernando B. Perfas

Planning and Design of Behavioral Healthcare Facilities

Behavioral Healthcare Facilities: The Current State of Design

In keeping with most districts of healthcare, the marketplace has seen a boom in the construction of Behavioral Healthcare facilities. Contributing to this increase is the paradigm shift in the way society views mental illness. Society is placing a heavier value on the need to treat people with serious addictions such as alcohol, prescription and elicit drugs. A large percentage of people suffering from behavioral disorders are afflicted with both mental and addictive behaviors, and most will re-enter communities and either become contributors or violators.

These very specialized facilities do not typically yield the attention from today’s top healthcare designers and their quantity accounts for a small fraction of healthcare construction. However, Behavioral Healthcare projects are increasing in number and are being designed by some very prominent architectural firms such as Cannon Design and Architecture Plus. Many are creating state-of-the-art, award-winning contemporary facilities that defy what most of us believe Behavioral Healthcare design to be.

Changing the Way We Design Behavioral Healthcare Facilities

As with all good planners and designers, A+D (along with facility experts) are reviewing the direct needs of patient and staff while reflecting on how new medicine and modern design can foster patient healing rates, reduce environmental stress, and increase safety. This is changing the face of treatment and outcome by giving the practitioner more time to treat because they require less time and resources to “manage” disruptive patient populations.

The face of Behavioral Healthcare is quickly changing. No longer are these facilities designed to warehouse patients indefinitely. And society’s expectations have changed. Patients are often treated with the belief that they can return to their community and be a contributor to society. According to the National Association of Psychiatric Health Systems (NAPHS), depending on the severity of illness, the average length of stay in a Behavioral Healthcare facility is only 9.6 days.

What has changed?

Jaques Laurence Black, AIA, president and principal of New York City-based daSILVA Architects, states that there are two primary reasons for the shortened admission period:

1. Introduction of modern psychotropic drugs that greatly speed recovery

2. Pressures from insurance companies to get patients out of expensive modes of care

To meet these challenges, healthcare professionals are finding it very difficult to effectively treat patients within the walls of antiquated, rapidly deteriorating mental facilities. A great percentage of these facilities were built between 1908 and 1928 and were designed for psychiatric needs that were principled in the belief to “store” not to “rehabilitate.”

Also impacting the need for Behavioral Healthcare construction is the reluctance of acute-care facilities to provide mental health level services for psychiatric or addiction patients. They recognize that patient groups suffering from behavioral disorders have unique health needs, all of which need to be handled and treated only by very experienced healthcare professionals. This patient population also requires a heightened level of security. Self-harm and injuring staff and other patients are major concerns.

The Report of the Surgeon General: “Epidemiology of Mental Illness” also reports that within a given year about 20% of Americans suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder and 5.4% suffer from a serious mental illness (SMI ) – defined as bipolar, panic, obsessive-compulsive, personality, and depression disorders and schizophrenia. It is also believed 6% of Americans suffer from addiction disorders, a statistic that is separate from individuals who suffer from both mental and addiction disorders. Within a given year it is believed that over one-quarter of America’s population warrants levels of mental clinical care. Even if these statistics were cut in half, it cannot be denied as a serious societal issue.

With a growing population, effectively designing in accordance with such measures is at the heart of public health.

Understanding the Complexity of Behavioral Healthcare Design

Therefore, like Corrections, leading planners and designers specializing in Behavioral Healthcare are delving deeper to better understand the complexity of issues and to be the activist to design facilities that promote treatment and healing – and a safer community.

The following is a list of key design variables that are being studied and implemented:

1. Right Sizing

2. Humanizing Materials and Color

3. Staff-Focused Amneties and Happiness

4. Security and Safety

5. Therapeutic Design Tenants

Right-sizing

Today’s Behavioral Healthcare facilities are often one-story single buildings within a campus size. Often debated by Clients due to costs, this design preference is driven by the demand for Uncategorized light, window views to nature for all patient areas, and outdoor open-air gardens “wrapped” within. All of this provides soothing qualities to the patient, reduces their anxieties, counteracts disruptive conduct and helps to reduce staff stress.

“When you look at the program mix in these buildings, there’s a high demand for perimeter because there are a lot of rooms that need Uncategorized light. Offices, classrooms, dining areas, community rooms, and patient rooms all demand Uncategorized light, so you end up with a tremendous amount of exterior wall, and it forces the building to have a very large footprint.” – James Kent Muirhead, AIA, associate principal at Cannon Design in Baltimore

These design principles are also believed to improve staff work conditions. Unlike a multi-story complex, at any moment staff can walk outdoors and access nature, free from visual barriers, and within a building that more accurately reflects building types that both patients and staff would encounter in their communities.

In addition to right-sizing for the overall building footprint, is right-sizing for internal patient and staff support area. Similar to the move we have seen in Corrections to de-centralize support spaces, Behavioral Healthcare is moving to decentralized nursing/patient units called “neighborhoods.” With mental health facilities there is a large concern with distances and space adjacencies in relation to the patient room and patient support areas such as treatment and social spaces. Frank Pitts, AIA, FACHA, OAA president of Architecture Plus, Troy, NY, advocates neighborhoods that average 24-30 beds arranged in sub-clusters, called “houses”, of 8-10 beds. Thus, each neighborhood consists of three houses. Often these layouts will include a common area where patients congregate and socialize, with a separate quiet room so patients can elect to avoid active, crowded areas. In addition Pitts states, “There’s a move away from central dining facilities. So, while facilities will still have a central kitchen, it’s a whole lot easier moving food than it is patients.” However, it is important for the facility to mimic normal outside daily life routines, so patients are encouraged to frequently leave their neighborhoods to attend treatment sessions, and outdoor courtyards.

Humanizing Materials & Color

In all facilities that play a role in rehabilitation, design strives to create spaces that humanize, calm, and relax. Behavioral Healthcare patients need to feel that they are in familiar surroundings; therefore, the architectural vocabulary should feel comfortable and normal. Since these facilities are about rehabilitation (when possible) and encouraging patients to merge back into society, the facility should feel like an extension of the community. Their spaces should reflect the nature and architecture of the surrounding region and thus so, no two facilities should look too much alike.

“Our a
pproach to designing these facilities is to view the facility as an extension of the community where patients will end up when they’re released. Interior finishes also depend on geography because you want to replicate the environment patients are used to. You want to de-stigmatize the facility as much as possible.” – Tim Rommel, AIA, ACHA, OAA, principal with Cannon Design in Buffalo, NY.

Therefore, materials and colors within these spaces want to feel familiar to one’s region and everyday life. To soothe the psyche and rehabilitate, they want to feel soft and comfortable, yet visually stimulating. An interior that is overly neutral or hard in appearance is not appropriate. Materials should reduce noise, and colors should lift the spirit. This can help to create an environment in which the patient can learn, socialize, and be productive while easing anxieties, delivering dignity, and modifying behavior. As stated previously, behavioral studies advise the use of softer interior materials-like carpeting, wood doors and tile. Doing so translates directly to both patient and staff well-being, particularly staff safety, and makes for a nicer place to work. In addition, staff have more resources to “treat” instead of manage heated situations. When staff experiences are eased and satisfied, morale is boosted and life-saving rules and policies are more likely to be enforced.

Staff-Focused Amenities & Happiness

While reducing staff stress and fatigue through a healing supportive environment seems like an obvious goal, there are relatively few studies that have dealt with this issue in any detail. More attention has been given to patient outcomes. However, many leading hospitals that have adopted therapeutic tenants into their newly built environments have seen vast improvement through their “business matrixes” and financial reporting.

In one example, the Mayo Clinic, a national leader in implementing healing design in its facilities, has reported a reduction of nursing turnover from a national annual average of 20% to an annual 3%-4%. In another example, when Bronson Methodist Hospital incorporated evidence-based design into its new 343-bed hospital, they cited their 19%-20% nurse turnover rate dramatically dropped to 5%.

Now, both the Mayo Clinic and Bronson Methodist Hospital have had to initiate a waiting list for nursing staff seeking positions. This converts to better-trained and qualified staff, and a reduced error rate. Therefore, more health facilities are investing in staff support areas such as lounges, changing rooms, and temporary sleep rooms. Within these staff spaces and in the hospital throughout, facilities are also recognizing the need for upgrade materials, better day lighting, and an interesting use of color: One soon realizes that the need of patients and staff are interwoven, each impacting positively or negatively the other.

Security & Safety

Without debate, self harm and harm to staff is one of the biggest concerns mental health facilities manage. Often the biggest safety and security concern is the damage patients can do to themselves. “There are three rules I had drummed in me,” says Mark Hanchar; Director of Preconstruction Services for Gilbane Building Company, Providence, R.I. “First, there can’t be any way for people to hang themselves. Second, there can be no way for them to create weapons. Third, you must eliminate things that can be thrown.” Hanchar says that the typical facility is, “a hospital with medium-security prison construction.” This means shatter proof glass, solid surface countertops (laminate can be peeled apart), stainless steel toilets and sinks (porcelain can shatter), push pull door latches and furniture that cannot be pulled apart and used as a weapon. These are just to name a few.

Additionally, removing barriers between patients and nursing staff is a safety consideration. Frank Pitts, AIA, FACHA, OAA president of Architecture Plus, says what may be counter-intuitive for safety precautions, “Glass walls around nursing stations just aggravate the patients.” Removing glass or lowering it at nursing stations so patients can feel a more human connection to nurses often calms patients. There is also discussion of removing nursing stations altogether; decentralizing and placing these care needs directly into the clinical neighborhoods and community spaces. Pitt says, “The view is that [nursing staff] need to be out there treating their patients.”

Therapeutic Design Tenants

As medicine is increasingly moving towards “evidence-based” medicine, where clinical choices are informed by research, healthcare design is increasingly guided by research linking the physical environment directly to patient and staff outcomes. Research teams from Texas A&M and Georgia Tech sifted through thousands of scientific articles and identified more than 600 – most from top peer-reviewed journals – to quantify how hospital design can play a direct role in clinical outcomes.

The research teams uncovered a large body of evidence that demonstrates design features such as increased day-lighting, access to nature, reduced noise and increased patient control helped reduce stress, improve sleep, and increase staff effectiveness – all of which promote healing rates and save facilities cost. Therefore, improving physical settings can be a critical tool in making hospitals more safe, more healing, and better places to work.

Today’s therapeutic spaces have been defined to excel in 3 categories:

1. Provide clinical excellence in the treatment of the body

2. Meet the psycho-social needs of patients, families, and staff

3. Produce measurable positive patient outcomes and staff effectiveness

Considering the cost of treating mental illness, which is exceedingly high, and wanting facilities to have effective outcomes, a further practice of incorporating therapeutic design is increasing. The National Institute of Mental Health (NIM H) approximated in 2008 that serious mental illnesses (SMI ), costs the nation $193 billion annually in lost wages. The indirect costs are impossible to estimate.

The estimated direct cost to clinically treat is approximately $70 billion annually and another $12 billion spent towards substance abuse disorders. In addition to the increased need of care and the boom in Behavioral Healthcare construction, it becomes an obligation to make certain that we as facility managers, architects, designers and manufacturers therapeutically plan and design these facilities.

Notably, in 2004, “The Role of the Physical Environment in the Hospital for the 21st Century: A Once-in-a-Lifetime Opportunity,” published by Roger Ulrich P.H.D., of Texas A&M University, was released. In a culmination of evidence-based research, research teams found five design principles that contributed significantly to achieving therapeutic design goals.

The report indicates five key factors that are essential for the psychological well-being of patients, families and staff, including:

1. Access to Nature

2. Provide Positive Distractions

3. Provide Social Support Spaces

4. Give a Sense of Control

5. Reduce or eliminate environmental stress

Access to Nature

Studies indicate that nature might have the most powerful impact to help patient outcomes and staff effectiveness. Nature can be literal or figurative – Uncategorized light, water walls, views to nature, large prints of botanicals and geography, materials that indicate nature and most importantly, stimulating color that evokes nature. Several studies strongly support that access to nature such as day-lighting and appropriate colorations can improve health outcomes such as depression, agitation, sleep, circadian rest-activity rhythms, as well as length of stay in demented patients and persons with seasonal affective disorders (SAD).

These and related studies continue to affirm the powerful impact of Uncategorized elements on patient recovery and stress reduction. Thus, it is clea
r that interior designs which integrate Uncategorized elements can create a more relaxing, therapeutic environment that benefits both patients and staff.

Positive Distractions

These are a small set of environmental features that provide the patient and family a positive diversion from “the difficult” and, in doing so, also negate an institutional feel. These can be views to nature, water walls, artwork, super imposed graphics, sculpture, music – and ideally all of these want to be focused on nature and, when applicable, an interesting use of color. Therapeutic environments that provide such patient-centered features can empower patients and families, but also increase their confidence in the facility and staff. This helps with open lines of communication between patient and caregiver.

Social Support Spaces

These are spaces designed partially for the patient but mainly for the comfort and socialization of family members and friends of the patient; therefore, family lounges, resource libraries, chapels, sleep rooms and consult rooms all play a role. When family and friends play a key role in a patient’s healing, these spaces encourage families to play an active role in the rehabilitation process.

Sense of Control

In times when patients and family feel out of control, it is very healing for the facility design and staff to provide it back when appropriate. Although, this cannot always be done suitably in mental healthcare facilities. However, when applicable, these design features include optional lighting choices, architectural way-finding, resource libraries, enhanced food menus, private patient rooms and

optional areas to reside in. A few well-appointed studies in psychiatric wards and nursing homes have found that optional choices of moveable seating in dining areas enhanced social interaction and improved eating disorders. When patients feel partially in control of their healing program and that the building features are focused to them, an increased confidence of the quality of care enters and tensions lower.

As with all therapeutic design, this allows the caregiver to use their resources healing in lieu of “managing” patient populations.

Reduce or Eliminate Environmental Stress

Noise level measurements show that hospital wards can be excessively noisy places resulting in negative effects on patient outcomes. The continuous background noise produced by medical equipment and staff voices often exceeds the level of a busy restaurant. Peak noise periods (shift changes, equipment alarms, paging systems, telephones, bedrails, trolleys, and certain medical equipment like portable xray machines are comparable to walking next to a busy highway when a motorcycle or large truck passes.

Several studies have focused on infants in NIC Us, finding that higher noise levels, for example, decrease oxygen saturation (increasing need for oxygen support therapy), elevate blood pressure, increase heart and respiration rate, and worsen sleep. Research on adults and children show that noise is a major cause of awakening and sleep loss.

In addition to worsening sleep, there is strong evidence that noise increases stress in adult patients, for example, heightening blood pressure and heart rate. Environmental surfaces in hospitals are usually hard and sound-reflecting, not sound-absorbing causing noise to travel down corridors and into patient rooms. Sounds tend to echo, overlap and linger longer.

Interventions that reduce noise have been found to improve sleep and reduce patient stress. Of these, the environmental or design interventions such as changing to sound-absorbing ceiling tiles, are more successful than organizational interventions like establishing “quiet hours.”

Conclusion and Additional Information

The information contained in this excerpted report is intended as a guide for architects, specifiers, designers, facility planners, medical directors, procurers, psychologists and social workers which have a stake in providing improved facilities for behavioral healthcare patients. It is a portion of a report entitled “The Contributions of Color” authored by Tara Hill, of Little Fish Think Tank. Ms. Hill was commissioned by Norix Group Inc., in 2010 to research the role color plays in the safe operation of correctional facilities and behavioral health centers. More in-depth information specifically about the psychological influence of color and behavioral healthcare facility design can be found by reading the full report.

How To Make A Membership Website And Make It Profitable

Learning how to make a membership website is the beginning of pursuing quite a productive venture. To learn to do so, you must begin by knowing what elements or factors contribute to a profitable membership website.

The Business

It is important to understand that the blog or the website itself is not the business. Instead, they are the tools that you need to use appropriate in implementing the business model or plan that you have created. Even before you put up a website, it is crucial that you carefully plan and map out the course you want to take in pursuing your business.

In making the membership site, you must first determine what it is that you want to achieve through the site. Identify what it is that people seek you or your website for. Settle on how you want to provide this particular need of your target audience. Identify, first and foremost, what the business is and from there, you have to decide on how you can provide your customers with their needs.

The Demand

While it is true that you would consider setting up a membership site in order to make money, it is sometimes not advised that you do it for this purpose alone. In line with this, you must also understand the importance of demand in building your website. Determine if there is a demand for in your market. This can be achieved by performing a survey with your clients and asking about what it is that they like to know more from you. This can also help in discovering other things that people like, which might have not yet crossed your mind. Listen to your clients in order to find out what their demands are.

The Relationship

The success of a website also relies on how good your established relationship with members is. Your members are the ones who are most likely going to be your buyers. Put yourself in a buyer’s position. You are most probable to buy products or avail services from someone that you know. Thus, you have to make yourself known to your clients and you must also know more about them as much as possible. In building a good relationship with your members, you have to have constant communication with them. Cultivate trust in your relationship with your members so they will think of you each time they need to purchase something.

The Beneficiaries

A membership website’s benefit is two-way. It benefits you by driving in more money to your account from your members’ fees and payments. On the same note, the website also benefits the members as they are able to obtain what they need from it. To ensure that both you and your members are benefitted, you must always ensure that your contents are of the best quality. Offer your clients with the best product and always provide them with what they actually need.

The Marketing

Your task does not end once the membership website is put up. Instead, you must think of ways on how to effectively market the website. Marketing involves reaching more people and letting them know about your business and what great things they can achieve from it.